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GLOSSARY
  • age-related cognitive decline (Medicine)
    the slight loss of memory and slowing of the brain's information processing that occurs with normal aging.
  • AIDS (Medicine)
    abbreviation for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, the most advanced stage of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
  • Alcohol abuse (Medicine)
    continuing consumption of alcohol-related social or interpersonal problems.
  • amyase (Medicine)
    an enzyme secreted by the pancreas that breaks starch into sugar.
  • analgesia (Medicine)
    absence of pain
  • anaphlaxis (Medicine)
    a severe allergic reaction, causing symptoms spanning from itching and swelling to trouble breathing, convulsions, shock, and coma.
  • anemis (Medicine)
    having a lower than normal amount of red blood cells or hemoglobin (an oxygen-carrying protein inside a red blood cells), leading to low energy, weakness, and other symptoms.
  • anklo (Medicine)
    means crooked or bent: refers to stiffening of a joint.
  • antibiotic (Medicine)
    a substance that kills or slows the growth of bacteria.
  • antidepressant (Medicine)
    a psychiatric drug used to treat mood disorders, such as depression.
  • antihypertensives (Medicine)
    medications used to lower and control high blood pressure.
  • arthroplasty (Medicine)
    surgically rebuilding or replacing a joint, usually to relieve arthritis or fix an abnormality.
  • aspirin (Medicine)
    a drug that relieves pain, fever, and swelling, and inhibits the formation of blood clots.
  • asthma (Medicine)
    a disease that inflames and narrows airways, causing wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing, and tightness in the chest.
  • athletes foot (Medicine)
    a foot infection caused by fungus, symptoms include cracking and peeling skin and itchiness.
  • atopy (Medicine)
    the inherited tendency to develop allergies.
  • aura (Medicine)
    sensations such as chills, flashes of light, or a blind spot that come just before the occurrence of medical problems such as migraines or seizures.
  • beign (Medicine)
    harmless, often used to refer to a tumor that is not cancerous and does not usually spread.
  • biopsy (Medicine)
    the removal of a small piece of tissue from the body for an examination under a microscope.
  • blood pressure (Medicine)
    the force blood exerts against the walls of the arteries. Optimal blood pressure is less than 120/80 mm Hg.
  • BMI-Body Mass Index (Medicine)
    A measure of body fat estimated from a person's height and weight. A healthy BMI is defined as 18.5 to 24.9 BMI.
  • bursitis (Medicine)
    pain and swelling of the bursa, the small fluid filled pads that act as cushions in or near the joints.
  • cancer (Medicine)
    a group of diseases in which abnormal cells grow in an uncontrolled way, sometimes forming tumors.
  • carcinogen (Medicine)
    any substance that can cause cancer
  • cardiovascular (Medicine)
    pertaining to the heart and blood vessels.
  • cerebellum (Medicine)
    the part of the brain that controls coordinated movement.
  • chemotherapy (Medicine)
    the use of chemicals to treat disease: often used to destroy cancer cells.
  • Chron's Disease (Medicine)
    a chronic disease that causes swelling of the digestive tract, pain, and diarrhea.
  • cirrhosis (Medicine)
    a chronic disease of the liver that progressively destroys the liver's ability to aid in digestion and detoxification.
  • cognitive function (Medicine)
    all of the brain mechanisms involved with thinking, reasoning, learning, and remembering.
  • colonscopy (Medicine)
    a procedure to see inside the colon, using a long, lighted flexible tube mounted with a tiny camera.
  • copay (Medicine)
    a set amount that is the patients portion of an office visit due at the time of service. The copay can change depending on the type of visit.
  • deductible (Medicine)
    the amount a patient must pay out pocket during a year of insured coverage before the insurance will begin to pay claims. Most group plans only have a deductible or copay for normal office visits. Deductibles are almost always due for hospital and other visits.
  • dementia (Medicine)
    a loss of brain function that worsens over time and affects memory, thinking, behavior and language.
  • diabetes (Medicine)
    a disease in which the body does not properly produce or use insulin, resulting in abnormally high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood.
  • family history (Medicine)
    a list of the patient's immediate family medical history including the chronic medical problems of parents, siblings, grandparents, etc
  • femur (Medicine)
    thigh bone
  • Flu Symptoms (Medicine)
    They may include: Fever and Chills, Exhaustion, Body Aches, Headache, Cough, Congestion, Vomiting or Diarrhea. Flu symptoms tne to come on quickly and can linger for a week or more.
  • Heart Attack Warning Signs (Medicine)
    You can learn to recognize some of the most common warning signs include: Chest pain that radiates down the arm, Sweating, Nausea or Vomiting (sometimes two or three at once), Numbness that radiates down the arm, usually the left arm, Pain or tightness in the neck and jaw, Pain in the upper back, at the level of the heart, A crushing feeling in the chest, as if a large weight is upon it, Difficulty breathing, and Lightheadedness.
  • heartburn (Medicine)
    a burning pain in the chest of throat, caused when stomach acid backs up into the esophagus.
  • Insomnia (Medicine)
    Difficulty with falling asleep or staying asleep.
  • insulin (Medicine)
    a hormone made by the pancreas that controls the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood.
  • Major depression (Medicine)
    severe symptoms that interfere with your ability to work, sleep, study eat, and enjoy life. An episode can occur only once in a person's lifetime, but more often, a person has several episodes.
  • malignant (Medicine)
    cancerous
  • melanoma (Medicine)
    the most dangerous type of skin cancer
  • Molly (Medicine)
    Molly is the powder or crystal form of the pressed pill Ecstasy.
  • Narcolepsy (Medicine)
    Narcolepsy is characterized by the classic tetrad of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), cataplexy, hypnagogic hallucinations, and sleep paralysis. Narcolepsy is thought to result from genetic predisposition, abnormal neurotransmitter functioning and sensitivity, and abnormal immune modulation.
  • nurse practitioner (Medicine)
    A registered nurse who has additional education and training in how to diagnose and treat disease. Nurse practitioners are licensed at the state level and certified by national nursing organizations. In cancer care, a nurse practitioner may manage the primary care of patients and their families, based on a practice agreement with a doctor.
  • private pay (Medicine)
    is the industry reference for patients without insurance
  • referral (Medicine)
    the recommendation of a medical professional to seek treatment from another medical provider. Some insurance companies require that on specific plans a referral must be obtained for certain procedures or visits to specialists. The referral consists of an authorization code, a number of visits allowed (if applicable) and an expiration date.
  • rheumatism (Medicine)
    pain and stiffness of soft tissue in and around joints.
  • Type A Flu Virus (Medicine)
    There are 2 types of Type A viruses that concern humans: The newer type is now know as H1N1 (Swine Flu). Those who are fit and heatlhy can become ill enough that they need hospitalization. Type A viruses undergo genetic changes over time to produce other serious and even fatal infections.
  • Type B Flu Virus (Medicine)
    There are different strains of type B viruses that have the potential to cause an epidemic. Historically, B viruses cause far fewer cases of seasonal flu that type A. Type B can still cause a serious infection in which there is a vaccine, which protest againist four type of flu: two of the B viruses and two A viruses.
  • Type C Flu Virus (Medicine)
    Type C viruses cause a respiratory infection so mild you may never notice any symptoms. Type C strains do not cause epidemics and are not included in flu vaccines. It is so mild tht the CDC does not even track it.
  • Vape (Medicine)
    To inhale and exhale the vapor produced by an electronic cigarette or similar device.
  • Vitamin D Deficiency (Medicine)
    Adequate levels are not only needed for calcium balance and strong bones but may also play an important role in cell growth, neuromuscular health, immune function and reducting inflammation. Vitamin D may help fight diabetes, heart disease and cancer. Vitamin is produced in the skin of humans and animals during prolonged sun exposure. The estimate is 15 to 30 minutes every day of sunshine. Symptoms may include general muscle weakness, muscle pain, depressive symptoms and Rickets in children.

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Version 1.0.2 (Morpheus-517) -- 30.November.2009