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GLOSSARY
  • abcess (Dentistry)
    an infection of a tooth, soft tissue, or bone.
  • Abduction (Physical Therapy)
    A movement of a limb toward midline or the center of the body.
  • Abrasion (Dentistry)
    Abrasion is the wearing away of tooth enamel by a foreign object. Common causes of abrasion are: Brushing too hard or too long, fingernail biting, chewing on pens or pencils, oral jewelry as expamples.
  • Abscesses (Dentistry)
    An abscessed tooth is usually sensitive or painful. the discomfort is what normally alerts the patient to the problem. Abscesses may be detected on x-ray and treated before the patient experiences any discomfort. Left untreated, an abscess may compromise the immune system and in some cases may become life-threatenting.
  • abutment (Dentistry)
    tooth or teeth on either side of a missing tooth that support a fixed or removable bridge.
  • Activator Methods (Chiropractic)
    Activator method is a proprietary diagnostic and treatment system based on the belief that differences in leg length indicate the need for spinal adjustments. The technique utilizes a small handheld instrument, called an activator, with a soft rubber tip to deliver a light, circumscribed force to the area deemed in need of treatment.
  • acupuncture (Acupuncture)
    Acupuncture is an ancient oriental healing technique based on the Taoist philosophy of balancing energy meridians within the body, thus allowing the body to heal itself. Fine needles are painlessly inserted at key points corresponding to body organs to relieve pain and cure disease and dysfunction. Related techniques include the use of low voltage, electric current (electro acupuncture) or massage at key points (acupressure).
  • Addiction (Wellness)
    Loss of control over indulging in a substance or performing an action or behavior, and continued craving for it despite negative consquences.
  • Adduction (Physical Therapy)
    A movement of a limb toward midline of the center of the body.
  • adequate intake (Nutrition)
    adequate intake-An estimate of the amount of a nutrient needed by healthy people. The Adequate Intake is used when there is not enough information to set a recommended dietary allowance (RDA).
  • Adrenal Fatigue (Naturopathy)
    Adrenal fatigue or hypoadrenia is a putative health disorder in which the adrenal glands are to be exhausted and unable to produce adequate quantities of hormones, primarily cortisol.
  • advance care directive (Acupuncture)
    A legal document that describes the kind of medical care a person want if an accident or illness leaves him or her unable to make or communicate decisions.
  • aerobic exercise (Wellness)
    physical activity that speeds breathing, improves hear and lung function, and offers many other health benefits. Examples include brisk walking, running, or cycling.
  • age-related cognitive decline (Medicine)
    the slight loss of memory and slowing of the brain's information processing that occurs with normal aging.
  • Ai Chi (Acupuncture)
    Ai chi is a water exercise and relaxation program, created by Jun Konno, to help aquatic practitioners and students enjoy the water in a flowing, yet powerful progression. Ai chi, created by combining t’ai chi concepts with shiatsu and Watsu techniques, is performed standing in shoulder-depth water using a combination of deep breathing and slow, broad movements of the arms, legs, and torso. The ai chi progression moves from simple breathing to upper extremity movement, to movement of the trunk, and finally to lower extremity movement. Ai chi promotes relaxation, stability, and coordinated breathing. It improves flexibility, mobility, and strength, and it will animate the mind as well as the body.
  • AIDS (Medicine)
    abbreviation for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, the most advanced stage of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
  • air abrasion/micro abrasion (Dentistry)
    a drill-free technique that blasts the tooth surface with air and an abrasive. (This is a relatively new technology that may avoid the need for an anesthetic and can be used to remove tooth decay, old composite restorations and superficial stains and discolorations, and prepare a tooth surface for bonding or sealants.)
  • Alcohol abuse (Medicine)
    continuing consumption of alcohol-related social or interpersonal problems.
  • alcoholism (Wellness)
    another term for alcohol dependence: A chronic progressive disease characterized by excessive and often compulsive drinking, impaired control over drinking, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and withdrawal symptoms when alcohol use is discontinued. Also know as alcoholism.
  • allergic (Massage Therapy)
    having a sensitivity to one or more normally harmless substances.
  • alpha waves (Massage Therapy)
    a type of brain wave generated when a person is relaxed, awake, and receiving no visual input.
  • Alzheimer (Wellness)
    a progressive brain disease that causes memory loss, impaired thinking, and personality changes.
  • amalgam (Dentistry)
    a common filling material used to repair cavitives. The material, also know as "silver filings," contains mercury in combination with silver, tin, copper, and sometime zinc.
  • Amma (Acupuncture)
    Amma (sometimes spelled anma) is the traditional word for massage in the Japanese language. It comes from the Chinese tradition of massage, anmo. This form of bodywork is based on the principles of Chinese medicine and is more than five thousand years old.
  • amyase (Medicine)
    an enzyme secreted by the pancreas that breaks starch into sugar.
  • analgesia (Medicine)
    absence of pain
  • anaphlaxis (Medicine)
    a severe allergic reaction, causing symptoms spanning from itching and swelling to trouble breathing, convulsions, shock, and coma.
  • anemis (Medicine)
    having a lower than normal amount of red blood cells or hemoglobin (an oxygen-carrying protein inside a red blood cells), leading to low energy, weakness, and other symptoms.
  • anklo (Medicine)
    means crooked or bent: refers to stiffening of a joint.
  • anorexia (Nutrition)
    an eating disorder in which a person has an intense fear of gaining weight and severely limits calories to the point of near starvation.
  • antibiotic (Medicine)
    a substance that kills or slows the growth of bacteria.
  • antidepressant (Medicine)
    a psychiatric drug used to treat mood disorders, such as depression.
  • antihypertensives (Medicine)
    medications used to lower and control high blood pressure.
  • apex (Dentistry)
    the tip of the root of a tooth.
  • Applied Kinesiology (Massage Therapy)
    Kinesiology is the study of the principles of mechanics and anatomy related to human body movement, specifically the action of individual muscles or groups of muscles that perform specific movements.
  • Aromatherapy (Aromatherapy)
    Aromatherapy refers to the use of essential oils extracted from herbs, trees and plants for therapeutic purposes. Aromatherapists can recommend personally tailored scents for specific ailments, or to promote well-being. Treatment generally involves the mixing of essential oils with a neutral one, such as vegetable oil. Three examples of application include having the mixed oil spread over the body in a massage, added to bathwater or inhaled.
  • arthritis (Wellness)
    a condition in which joints are inflamed, causing pain, stiffness, swelling, and sometimes loss of movement.
  • arthroplasty (Medicine)
    surgically rebuilding or replacing a joint, usually to relieve arthritis or fix an abnormality.
  • aspirin (Medicine)
    a drug that relieves pain, fever, and swelling, and inhibits the formation of blood clots.
  • asthma (Medicine)
    a disease that inflames and narrows airways, causing wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing, and tightness in the chest.
  • athletes foot (Medicine)
    a foot infection caused by fungus, symptoms include cracking and peeling skin and itchiness.
  • atopy (Medicine)
    the inherited tendency to develop allergies.
  • atrophy (Nutrition)
    wasting away of an organ or tissue due to undernourishment, disease, or aging.
  • Attrition (Dentistry)
    The gradual loss of enamel through "wear". A small amount of attrition may be caused by normal speaking and eating, but this typically doesn't produce excessive wear.
  • attunement (Massage Therapy)
    Attunement is a non-touch (or light touch) approach to healing, employing spiritual techniques (prayer and meditation) to restore one’s naturally vibrant energetic and physical well-being.
  • aura (Medicine)
    sensations such as chills, flashes of light, or a blind spot that come just before the occurrence of medical problems such as migraines or seizures.
  • axis (Chiropractic)
    the second vertebra of the neck (from the skull) also called C-2 vertebra.
  • Baby Bottle Syndrome (Dentistry)
    Baby Bottle Syndrome is the rapid decay of baby teeth in an infant or child that frequent exposure, for long periods of time, to liquids containing sugars. The upper front teeth are not affected.
  • balance (Chiropractic)
    ability to maintain equilibrium while stationary or moving.
  • balinese massage (Acupuncture)
    Positioned above the client, the Balinese massage therapist performs a combination of kneading strokes, skin rolling, and foot massage. Treatment is followed by an application of coconut oil infused with spices.
  • Bathing (Aromatherapy)
    Bathing is a form of aromatherapy in which essential oils are added to a bath to allow them to seep into the skin. Aromatherapy bathing combines the regenerative effects of a warm bath with the medical benefits of aromatherapy, allowing the patient to achieve a state of pleasurable relaxation, eliminating stress and depression as well as soothing pain and energizing the body.
  • beign (Medicine)
    harmless, often used to refer to a tumor that is not cancerous and does not usually spread.
  • bicuspid (Dentistry)
    the fourth and fifth teeth from the center of the mought to the back of the mouth. These are the teeth that are used for chewing: they only have two points (cusps). Adults have eight bicuspids (also called premolars), two in front of each group of molars.
  • bindi (Massage Therapy)
    This bodywork combines marine algae exfoliation, herbal treatment, and light massage.
  • biopsy (Medicine)
    the removal of a small piece of tissue from the body for an examination under a microscope.
  • bite (Dentistry)
    relationship of the upper and lower teeth upon closure.
  • bleaching (Dentistry)
    chemical or laser treatment of natural teeth that uses peroxide to produce the whitening effect.
  • Bleeding Gums (Dentistry)
    Bleeding gums are a sign of infection. Healthy gums do not bleed. Brush and floss the area well.
  • blood pressure (Medicine)
    the force blood exerts against the walls of the arteries. Optimal blood pressure is less than 120/80 mm Hg.
  • BMI-Body Mass Index (Medicine)
    A measure of body fat estimated from a person's height and weight. A healthy BMI is defined as 18.5 to 24.9 BMI.
  • body alignment (Massage Therapy)
    Based on a balance between body, mind, and feeling, body imaging enhancement proposes that anatomical structural relationships of the body need to be realigned and stabilized from a central line of the body. This line posturally positions the body relationally to the force of gravity. As a result of the correction, the client will experience energy release and perceptible changes in body shape, flexibility, and movement. Working with the neuromuscular and myofascial systems, the therapist uses manual manipulations to stretch and release muscle tissue and fascia to create freedom and flexibility of movement.
  • bonding (Dentistry)
    the covering of a tooth surface with a tooth-colored composite to repair and/or change the color or shape of a tooth, for instance, due to stain or damage.
  • Botanical Medicine (Naturopathy)
    Botanical Medicine is the use of plant extracts for medicinal purposes. Plant-based remedies have the power to treat many symptoms, with minimal risk of side effects, and can also be used preventively. Many conventional pharmaceuticals contain plant-derived materials or agents. For example, the anti-malarial drug quinine comes from the plant Cinchona pubescens.
  • braces (Dentistry)
    devices (bands, wires, ceramic appliances) put in place by orthodontists to gradually reposition teeth to more favorable alignment.
  • breath focus (Massage Therapy)
    a form of mediation aimed at bringing on a state of relaxation.
  • breath therapy (Massage Therapy)
    Breath therapy, which can ease anxieties and reduce stress, is the use of respiratory exercises to open lung passages, oxygenate the blood, and cleanse the body by eliminating gaseous toxins. The client is encouraged to breathe deeply while the therapist works the appropriate muscles.
  • bridge (Dentistry)
    stationary dental prosthesis (appliance) fixed to teeth adjacent to a space: replaces one or more missing teeth, cemented or bonded to supporting teeth or implants adjacent to the space.(fixed partial denture)
  • bruxism (Dentistry)
    grinding or gnashing of the teeth, most commonly during sleep.
  • bursitis (Medicine)
    pain and swelling of the bursa, the small fluid filled pads that act as cushions in or near the joints.
  • callus (Massage Therapy)
    hardened, thick skin that forms after repeated friction: often found on hands and the bottom of feet.
  • cancer (Medicine)
    a group of diseases in which abnormal cells grow in an uncontrolled way, sometimes forming tumors.
  • cap (Dentistry)
    common term for a dental crown.
  • carcinogen (Medicine)
    any substance that can cause cancer
  • cardiovascular (Medicine)
    pertaining to the heart and blood vessels.
  • carotid artery (Chiropractic)
    one of the two major blood vessels found on either side of the neck. The carotid arteries supply blood to the brain.
  • carpal tunnel syndrome (Massage Therapy)
    a condition that occurs when the median nerve, which runs from the forearm through the hand,is compressed: symptoms include pain, tingling, and numbness, as well as hand weakness.
  • cartilage (Chiropractic)
    stiff connective tissues that provides support to other tissues and cushions joints.
  • Cavities (Dentistry)
    Tooth decay begins when the protein of your saliva combines with the sugars and carbohydrates of food particles left on and between your teeth. This combination creates bacteria-laden plaque, from which acid is produced that eats away at the hard enamel shell around your tooth. Left unchecked, a hole will be created in the enamel and a cavity will rapidly form in the softer dentin which lies under the enamel.
  • cavity (Dentistry)
    a hole in the tooth caused by advance decay.
  • cementum (Dentistry)
    the layer of tooth material that covers the root.
  • cerebellum (Medicine)
    the part of the brain that controls coordinated movement.
  • cervical spine (Chiropractic)
    the part of the spine located in the neck and consisting of the top seven vertebrae.
  • Cervoca; (Physical Therapy)
    Pertaining to the neck
  • chair massage (Massage Therapy)
    Known as seated massage, chair massage, or on-site massage, this technique involves the use of a specially designed massage chair in which the client sits comfortably. The modern chair massage was originally developed David Palmer, but the technique is centuries-old, with some Japanese block prints illustrating people having just emerged from a nearby bath, receiving massage while seated on a low stool.
  • Chair Massage (Massage Therapy)
    Chair Massage - Chair massage refers to massage given with the recipient seated in an ordinary or special massage chair. Recipients remain clothed in chair massage. It has been called on-site massage when the chair is taken to a public place such as an office or commercial establishment
  • Chelation Therapy (Naturopathy)
    Chelation therapy is a form of naturopathy that removes heavy metals from the bloodstream through the application of chelating agents, chemical compounds that bond with metal ions so that the metals can be easily cleansed from the body.
  • chemotherapy (Medicine)
    the use of chemicals to treat disease: often used to destroy cancer cells.
  • Chiropractic (Chiropractic)
    Focusing on the vital relationship between the nervous system and your health, chiropractic restores health and well being by removing spinal nerve interference known as vertebral subluxation. This is done, without the aid of drugs or surgery, most commonly to help treat various problems involving bones, joints, muscles, ligaments and tendons. Generally, a chiropractor manually applies a controlled force to the problem area, alleviating inflammation, reduced mobility or pain. Chiropractors are also trained to give advice on lifestyle and dietary changes.
  • chiroractor (Chiropractic)
    someone who treats disease by manipulation and adjustment of body structures, often the spine.
  • cholesterol (Nutrition)
    a waxy, fat-like substance produced by the liver and found in all food from animal sources: an essential component of body cells and a precursor of bile acids and some hormones.
  • Chron's Disease (Medicine)
    a chronic disease that causes swelling of the digestive tract, pain, and diarrhea.
  • chronic (Chiropractic)
    any condition that lasts a long time or recurs over time.
  • cirrhosis (Medicine)
    a chronic disease of the liver that progressively destroys the liver's ability to aid in digestion and detoxification.
  • cleaning (Dentistry)
    removal of plaque and calculus (tarter) from teeth, generally above the gum line.
  • Clinical Nutrition (Naturopathy)
    Clinical nutrition aims to improve health by assessing a person's nutritional needs to determine an optimal nutrition program. Case histories, laboratory tests, and nutrition/lifestyle analysis are used to assess a patient's needs, and patients are educated on how to improve their diet and life style accordingly.
  • cognitive function (Medicine)
    all of the brain mechanisms involved with thinking, reasoning, learning, and remembering.
  • colonscopy (Medicine)
    a procedure to see inside the colon, using a long, lighted flexible tube mounted with a tiny camera.
  • composite resin filling (Dentistry)
    tooth-colored restorative material composed of plastic within small glass or ceramic particles: usually "cured" or hardened with filtered light or chemical catalyst. An alternative to silver amalgam fillings.
  • compression fracture (Chiropractic)
    the collapse of a bone, most often a bone in the spine (vertbra).
  • Connective Tissue Massage (Massage Therapy)
    The technique consists of the massage therapist subtly hooking her fingers into the skin and superficial connective tissue while performing a dragging or pulling stroke that somewhat stretches the skin. CTM leaves a visible mark that looks somewhat like an abrasion or burn, but which goes away without leaving a scar.
  • Consultant Dietitian (Nutrition)
    Consultant dietitians work under contract with health care facilities, or in private practice. They perform nutrition screenings for their clients and offer advice on diet-related concerns such as weight loss and cholesterol reduction. Some work for wellness programs, sports teams, supermarkets, and restaurants. They may consult with food service managers, providing expertise in sanitation, safety procedures, menu development, budgeting, and planning.
  • copay (Medicine)
    a set amount that is the patients portion of an office visit due at the time of service. The copay can change depending on the type of visit.
  • Cosmetic Dentist (Dentistry)
    Cosmetic dentistry enhances the aesthetics of a patient's smile. The procedure modifies the oral cavity and surrounding jaw to fit a desired image. The most common procedure is whitening or teeth bleaching, although other common procedures are enamel shaping (removal of tooth enamel), bonding (dental composites for chipped or cracked teeth), veneers (thin device that closes gaps between teeth or fixing discolorations), and gum lifts (the process of reconfiguring gum lines).
  • Cracked Tooth (Dentistry)
    When a tooth is cracked, a filling may not seal the crack. A crown may have to be placed over the tooth to hold it and the crack together. If the crack is not restored, the tooth will become sensitive to chewing pressure, or will eventaully break.
  • craving (Wellness)
    intense, often irrepressible urge for something, often a symptom of dependcence on drugs, alcohol, or addiction.
  • crown (Dentistry)
    the portion of a tooth above the gum line that is covered by enamel: (2) dental restoration covering all or most of the natural tooth: the artificial cap can be made of porcelain, composite, or metal and is cemented on top of the damages tooth.
  • Cupping (Acupuncture)
    Cupping is an ancient Chinese practice that helps alleviate pain and soreness. A rounded glass cup is placed on the skin, and pressure is created within the cup. This pressure draws the skin and superficial muscle layers outward, easing acupuncture points deeper in the body.
  • debility (Chiropractic)
    weakness or a loss of physical strength.
  • decay (Dentistry)
    destruction of tooth structure caused by toxins produced by bacteria.
  • decoction (Naturopathy)
    an herbal product or tea made by boiling a plant in water.
  • deductible (Medicine)
    the amount a patient must pay out pocket during a year of insured coverage before the insurance will begin to pay claims. Most group plans only have a deductible or copay for normal office visits. Deductibles are almost always due for hospital and other visits.
  • Deep Connective Tissue Massage (Massage Therapy)
    Deep connective tissue massage uses slow strokes and intense pressure on connective tissue (the tissue that binds and strengthens the organs and other tissues, such as muscle). This relieves the patient of chronic tension and knots. Deep connective tissue massage can be slightly uncomfortable. More than one session may be necessary to cure chronic tension.
  • deep tissure massage (Massage Therapy)
    Techniques that utilize deep-tissue/deep-muscle massage are administered to affect the sub-layer of musculature and fascia. These techniques require advanced training and a thorough understanding of anatomy and physiology. The muscles must be relaxed in order to effectively perform deep-tissue massage, otherwise tight surface muscles prevent the practitioner from reaching deeper musculature.
  • dementia (Medicine)
    a loss of brain function that worsens over time and affects memory, thinking, behavior and language.
  • dental implant (Dentistry)
    a metal post inserted into the alveolar bone to support an artificial tooth or other prosthesis.
  • Dentistry (Dentistry)
    The health of your teeth can impact your overall health. Did you know that gum disease has been linked to heart disease, stroke, and diabetes? With nearly a third of Americans susceptible to gum disease, dental health is key to well-being. While daily dental hygiene is imperative, preventive care is just as crucial.
  • denture (Dentistry)
    a removable replacement of artificial teeth for missing natural teeth and surrounding tissues. Two types of dentures are available-complete and partial.
  • Detoxification (Wellness)
    the process of removing harmful, or toxic, substances from a person's body.
  • diabetes (Medicine)
    a disease in which the body does not properly produce or use insulin, resulting in abnormally high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood.
  • Diabulimia (Nutrition)
    a weigh-loss method usually practiced by teenaged girls and young women with type 1 diabetes mellitus. It refers to skipping doses of insulin to avoid gaining weight.
  • dietary fiber (Naturopathy)
    the part of plant foods the body can't digest or absorb. Also called roughage.
  • dislocation (Chiropractic)
    the movement of a bone from it's normal position.
  • dry socket (Dentistry)
    a common complication that occurs when either a blood clot has failed to form in an extracted tooth socket or else the blood clot that did form had been dislodged.
  • effusion (Chiropractic)
    an abnormal buildup of fluid in a joint or tissue.
  • elastin (Massage Therapy)
    a flexible, stretchy protein found in skin and connective tissue.
  • Electroacupuncture (Acupuncture)
    Like regular acupuncture, electro-acupuncture uses needles inserted by hand. The difference is that in electro-acupuncture, these needles are connected to electrodes that provide electrical stimulation. Electro-acupuncture is considered quicker than traditional acupuncture, and has a stronger effect. It also allows the acupuncturist to more finely control the amount of stimulus given to a patient. People with cardiac problems should consult their physicians before using this treatment.
  • ellagic acid (Naturopathy)
    a chemical found in certain plants, such as raspberries and strawberries, that might help protect against cancer.
  • enamel (Dentistry)
    the hard outside layer of tooth material.
  • Endodontics (Dentistry)
    Endodontics is another name for root canal therapy. Inside each tooth is a thread (the pulp) which provides nutrients and nerves to the tooth. When the pulp is diseased or injured, the pulp tissue dies. If you don't remove it, your tooth gets infected and you could lose it. After the dentist removes the pulp, the root canal is cleaned and sealed off to protect it. Then your dentist places a crown over the tooth to help make it stronger. (Source: ADA)
  • endorphins (Massage Therapy)
    substances in the body that reduce pain and create a feeling of well-being.
  • enzyme (Nutrition)
    a substance that speeds up another chemical reaction. For example, digestive enzymes help speed up the digestion of food.
  • Erosion (Dentistry)
    It is the chemical wear of tooth enamel. Typically this kind of wear is caused by acid. Citric acid is one of the most common agents. Citric fruits, soft drinks, citrus juices and candies. Coffee and tea also contain corrosive acids.
  • external rotation (Physical Therapy)
    an outward turning of the limb away from the body.
  • extract (Homeopathy)
    a product made from substances that are drawn out of a plant or herb.
  • extraction (Dentistry)
    removal of a tooth.
  • family history (Medicine)
    a list of the patient's immediate family medical history including the chronic medical problems of parents, siblings, grandparents, etc
  • fat (Nutrition)
    one of three major nutrients, along with carbohydrates and proteins.
  • femur (Medicine)
    thigh bone
  • FengShui (Acupuncture)
    Feng shui (translated as “wind and water”) is the Chinese system of balancing the energy patterns of the physical environment. These principles strive for creating balanced, peaceful dwellings by bringing together the external and internal and living in harmony with natural and man-made environments. Good feng shui promises occupants health, happiness, prosperity, and long life--a conscious connection between the outside environment and the world within.
  • fiber (Nutrition)
    a substance found in plant foods that the body can't digest.
  • Fibromyalgia (Chiropractic)
    Fibromyalgia is a neurosensory disorder characterized by widespread muscle pain, joint stiffness, and fatigue. The condition is chronic (ongoing), but pain comes and goes and moves about the body. The disorder is often misdiagnosed or unrecognized and is and often complicated by mood and anxiety disorders.
  • Fillings (Dentistry)
    Fillings are the most common restorative procedure. After decay is removed from a tooth, something must be placed in that space to give strength back to the tooth.
  • Five-Element Acupuncture (Acupuncture)
    Five-Element Acupuncture is an ancient form of acupuncture that treats the mind, body, heart, and spirit. The five elements are fire, earth, metal, water and wood, which correspond to emotions that must remain in balance in order to maintain health. A practitioner using this technique assesses factors such as skin color, vocal sound, body odor, emotional state, and pulse, using the information gathered to diagnose and treat the imbalance.
  • Five-Element Shiatsu (Massage Therapy)
    The five-element system views the human body as a microcosm of the universe with the tides of energy and emotions waxing and waning. These energies and emotions are stored in the visceral organs and move through specific pathways or meridians in the body in a regular and cyclical fashion.
  • flavonoids (Nutrition)
    chemicals found in fruits, vegtables, wine, and tea that may protect cells from damage and have health benefits.
  • flossing (Dentistry)
    a thread-like material used to clean between the contact areas of teeth: part of a good daily oral hygiene plan.
  • Flu Symptoms (Medicine)
    They may include: Fever and Chills, Exhaustion, Body Aches, Headache, Cough, Congestion, Vomiting or Diarrhea. Flu symptoms tne to come on quickly and can linger for a week or more.
  • fluoride (Dentistry)
    a mineral that helps strengthen teeth enamel making teeth less susceptible to decay. Fluoride is ingested through food or water, is available in most toothpastes, or can be applied as a gel or liquid to the surface of teeth by a dentist.
  • foot zone therapy (Massage Therapy)
    Foot zone therapy is based on the premise that energy flows through the body in meridians from the brain to the feet. Every organ and cell has a representative point. On the foot, and when pressure is applied, the brain sends a signal to the corresponding part of the body to facilitate healing and restore balance. Temporary pain, defined also as a blockage of energy flow, is felt on areas of the foot that correspond to the affected organ or body part.
  • Gingivitis (Dentistry)
    The bacteria in the plaque leads to an infection in the gums (gingiva) called Gingivitis.
  • Grinding Teeth (Dentistry)
    Grinding of teeth, also know as Bruxism, occurs in children as well as adults. Grinding of the teeth generally occurs during sleep.
  • Gua Sha (Massage Therapy)
    A method of promoting blood circulation and removing toxic heat, blood, and lymph from the body, gua sha involves scraping the skin with a flat tool to facilitate pain relief. Olive oil and herbs are usually applied to the skin to open pores, increase deep cleansing, and improve circulation.
  • Hamstrings (Physical Therapy)
    A muscle group on the back of the thigh that can bend/flex the knee and straighten/extend the hip.
  • Heart Attack Warning Signs (Medicine)
    You can learn to recognize some of the most common warning signs include: Chest pain that radiates down the arm, Sweating, Nausea or Vomiting (sometimes two or three at once), Numbness that radiates down the arm, usually the left arm, Pain or tightness in the neck and jaw, Pain in the upper back, at the level of the heart, A crushing feeling in the chest, as if a large weight is upon it, Difficulty breathing, and Lightheadedness.
  • heartburn (Medicine)
    a burning pain in the chest of throat, caused when stomach acid backs up into the esophagus.
  • heel spur (Wellness)
    an abnormal growth of bone or calcium on the heel bone.
  • Holistic Medicine (Massage Therapy)
    Holistic medicine recognizes that the mind, spirit, lifestyle, environment, and other aspects of a person’s existence, significantly affect the functioning of the physical body. Thus, in evaluating and treating illness and prescribing preventative intervention, this approach treats the whole person, addressing more than just the symptoms or disease. Holistic practitioners may utilize a combination of conventional treatments along with alternative therapies.
  • Homeopathy (Homeopathy)
    Homeopathy is a holistic form of medicine that treats illnesses through the use of extreme dilutions of herbs, animal substances and chemical compounds. The term homeopathy comes from the Greek homeo meaning "similar," and pathos meaning "suffering." Samuel Hahnemann, an 18th-century German physician, coined the term in 1796.
  • hygienist (Dentistry)
    a licensed, auxiliary dental professional who is both an oral health educator and a clinician who uses preventive, therapeutic, and educational methods to control oral disease.
  • Hypermobility (Physical Therapy)
    movement beyond normal range of motion.
  • impacted tooth (Dentistry)
    a tooth that is partially or completely blocked from erupting through the surface of the gum. An impacted tooth may push other teeth together or damage the bony structures supporting the adjacent tooth. Often times, impacted teeth must be surgically removed.
  • Implants (Dentistry)
    Dental Implants have been used successfully for many years. The implant itself is a post that is surgically placed in the jaw by a Periodontist or Oral Surgeon. They are an artificial root for a single tooth replacement or an anchor for a fixed or removable prosthesis to replace multiple teeth.
  • impression (Dentistry)
    mold made of the teeth and soft tissues.
  • inflammation (Wellness)
    the body's reaction to injury or infection. It is characterized by swelling, heat, redness, and pain.
  • Inhalation (Acupuncture)
    Inhalation is a form of aromatherapy that's helpful in treating respiratory infection or congestion, in which essential oils are inhaled directly. Inhalation therapy can be used to relieve congestion due to colds, flu, or chronic sinus and bronchitis problems. Practitioners can add essential oils to boiling water so that patients can inhale the therapeutic steam, or they may place oils beneath the patient's nose so that he or she can inhale plant essences directly
  • inlay (Dentistry)
    similar to a filling but the entire work lies within the cusps (bumps) on the chewing surface of the tooth.
  • Insomnia (Medicine)
    Difficulty with falling asleep or staying asleep.
  • insulin (Medicine)
    a hormone made by the pancreas that controls the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood.
  • intervention (Wellness)
    a planned, often group, meeting with a person with addiction, with the aim of overcoming denial and inducing the individual to seek treatment.
  • joint (Chiropractic)
    a junction in the body where bones are linked together.
  • Joint Mobilization (Massage Therapy)
    Joint mobilization focuses on muscles, ligaments, and joints that have inhibited range of motion. The osteopath manipulates the joints so that certain bone surfaces rub together. Afterward, the patient must learn strengthening and stretching exercises to prevent pain from returning.
  • ligament (Chiropractic)
    a band of tissue that connects the bones.
  • lutein (Naturopathy)
    a natural substance found in green leafy vegetables.
  • Lymph Drainage Therapy (Massage Therapy)
    Lymph Drainage Therapy (LDT) is unique in that healthcare professionals learn how to palpate the lymphatic flow. As they develop their skills, they can then identify the rhythm, direction, and quality of the lymphatic flow. Advanced practitioners will be able to precisely map the lymphatic flow to find alternate pathways for drainage.
  • Major depression (Medicine)
    severe symptoms that interfere with your ability to work, sleep, study eat, and enjoy life. An episode can occur only once in a person's lifetime, but more often, a person has several episodes.
  • malignant (Medicine)
    cancerous
  • Manual Adjusting (Chiropractic)
    Chiropractic manual adjustment of the spine uses the force of a chiropractor's hands without the aid of instruments.
  • Manual Lymph Drainage (Massage Therapy)
    The strokes applied in manual lymph drainage are intended to stimulate the movement of the lymphatic fluids in order to assist the body in cleansing. This is a gentle, rhythmical technique that cleanses the connective tissue of inflammatory materials and toxins, enhances the activity of the immune system, reduces pain, and lowers the activity of the sympathetic nervous system.
  • Massage Therapy (Massage Therapy)
    Therapeutic massage, manipulating body tissue with the hands, heals muscles and promotes better circulation. It is effective for patients who suffer a range of conditions from arthritis to paralysis and is often used to relieve pain and reduce swelling.
  • melanin (Wellness)
    a substance that gives the skin, hair, and eyes their natural color.
  • melanoma (Medicine)
    the most dangerous type of skin cancer
  • micronutrients (Nutrition)
    vitamins and minerals needed to maintain normal body functions and prevent certain illnesses.
  • Molly (Medicine)
    Molly is the powder or crystal form of the pressed pill Ecstasy.
  • Moxibustion (Acupuncture)
    Moxibustion is an analgesic technique in which moxa, a flammable substance derived from the leaves of wormwood plants, is ignited on the skin. The technique is intended to warm regions of the body, as well as stimulating blood circulation and energy toward acupuncture points. It is often used, but not exclusively, as a supplemental treatment to acupuncture.
  • Moxibustion (Acupuncture)
    Moxibustion is a form of heat therapy in which dried plant materials called moxa are burned on or very near the surface of the skin. The intention is to warm and invigorate the flow of Qi in the body and dispel certain pathogenic influences.
  • myalgia (Chiropractic)
    pain or tenderness in a muscle.
  • Myofascial Release (Acupuncture)
    Myofascial release is the three-dimensional application of sustained pressure and movement into the fascial system in order to eliminate fascial restrictions and facilitate the emergence of emotional patterns and belief systems that are no longer relevant or are impeding progress. First, an assessment is made by visually analyzing the human frame, followed by the palpation of the tissue texture of various fascial layers. Upon locating an area of fascial tension, gentle pressure is applied in the direction of the restriction. Myofascial release is an effective therapeutic approach in the relief of cervical pain, back pain, fibromyalgia, scoliosis, neurological dysfunction, restriction of motion, chronic pain, and headaches.
  • Myofascial Trigger Point Therapy (Massage Therapy)
    The causal relationship between chronic pain and its source, myofascial trigger point therapy is used to relieve muscular pain and dysfunction through applied pressure to trigger points of referred pain and through stretching exercises. These points are defined as localized areas in which the muscle and connective tissue are highly sensitive to pain when compressed. Pressure on these points can send referred pain to other specific parts of the body.
  • Narcolepsy (Medicine)
    Narcolepsy is characterized by the classic tetrad of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), cataplexy, hypnagogic hallucinations, and sleep paralysis. Narcolepsy is thought to result from genetic predisposition, abnormal neurotransmitter functioning and sensitivity, and abnormal immune modulation.
  • Natural Hormone Replacement (Naturopathy)
    Natural hormone replacement is an alternative treatment designed to enhance a woman's health during menopause. Natural hormone replacement therapy relieves symptoms such as hot flashes and vaginal dryness, which arise from fluctuations in hormone levels, through the administration of calcium, magnesium, Vitamin E, and phytoestrogens such as soy isoflavones
  • Naturopathic Physician (Naturopathy)
    Licensure: Currently, 15 states, the District of Columbia, and the United States territories of Puerto Rico and the United States Virgin Islands have licensing laws for naturopathic doctors. In these states, naturopathic doctors are required to graduate from a four-year, residential naturopathic medical school and pass an extensive post-doctoral board examination (NPLEX) in order to receive licensure. For information about the Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Examination Board (NPLEX) and the North American Board of Naturopathic Examiners (NABNE), please see follow these links as well as see the Association of Accredited Naturopathic Medical College's pages on Naturopathic Medical School (AANMC). Licensed naturopathic physicians must fulfill state-mandated continuing education requirements annually, and will have a specific scope of practice defined by their state's law. The states that currently have licensing laws for naturopathic physicians are: Alaska, Arizona, California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Kansas, Maine, Minnesota*, Montana, New Hampshire, Oregon, Utah, Vermont, Washington, United States Territories: Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands (Adapted from the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians' website: www.naturopathic.org)
  • Naturopathy (Naturopathy)
    a form of medicine taught at accredited institutions that grant a degree called Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine for a four year program of study. Naturopathy is based in various streams of knowledge, including the spa movement of the 1800’s in North America, and the Western herbal tradition. In addition to learning Conventional history taking and diagnostic skills, Doctors of Naturopathy also study diet, exercise, Chinese Medicine, homeopathy, massage, and herbal medicine. It is based on helping the body to heal itself by supporting it with prevention and gentle treatment.
  • nerve (Dentistry)
    tissue that conveys sensation, temperature, and position information to the brain.
  • nerve block (Chiropractic)
    injection of a medication into one or more nerves to relieve pain.
  • Neuromuscular Therapy (Massage Therapy)
    A systematic approach to myofascial treatment that attempts to interrupt the neuromuscular feedback that maintains pain or dysfunction.
  • night guard (Dentistry)
    a removable acrylic appliance that fits over the upper and lower teeth used to prevent wear and temporomandibular damage caused by grinding or gnashing of the teeth during sleep.
  • nitrous oxide (Dentistry)
    a gas (also called laughing gas) used to reduce patient anxiety.
  • nodule (Massage Therapy)
    a small rounded bump or knot of tissue.
  • nurse practitioner (Medicine)
    A registered nurse who has additional education and training in how to diagnose and treat disease. Nurse practitioners are licensed at the state level and certified by national nursing organizations. In cancer care, a nurse practitioner may manage the primary care of patients and their families, based on a practice agreement with a doctor.
  • nutrients (Nutrition)
    substances in foods that the body needs to survive.
  • Nutrition and Diet Therapy (Nutrition)
    Nutrition and diet therapies educate people about the connection between food and health. Nutritionists and dietitians promote good eating habits to help prevent disease and to treat preexisting conditions. They work with a patient's unique biological makeup to plan a diet regimen that will facilitate his or her return to optimal health.
  • obesity (Wellness)
    a body weight that is much higher than is healthy. Defined as having a body mass index of 30 or more. Obesity puts a person at a greater risk of developing numerous chronic diseases.
  • onlay (Dentistry)
    a type of restoration (filling) made of metal, porcelain, or acrylic that is more extensive that an inlay in that it covers one or more cusps. Onlays are sometimes called partial crowns.
  • oral cavity (Dentistry)
    the mouth.
  • oral hygiene (Dentistry)
    process of maintaining cleanliness of the teeth and related structures.
  • oral surgeon (Dentistry)
    the oral health care provider who performs many types of surgical procedures in and around the entire face, mouth, and jaw area.
  • Oral/Maxillofacial Surgery (Dentistry)
    Oral and Maxillofacial surgery corrects injuries and defects in the neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the oral and facial region. Maxillofacial surgeons have usually qualified initially in dentistry, and then undergone further surgical training.
  • orthodontics (Dentistry)
    dental specialty that using braces, retainers, and other dental devices to treat misalignment of teeth, restoring them to proper functioning.
  • orthosis (Chiropractic)
    a custom shoe insert that helps cushion or realign the foot.
  • Osteopathy (Osteopathy)
    Osteopaths practice medicine just like medical doctors. But osteopaths are distinguished by their holistic philosophy. They believe a proper working musculoskeletal system is at the core of a person's well-being. These physicians use techniques like osteopathic manipulative treatment, to help diagnose illness and injury and encourage healing.
  • palate (Dentistry)
    the tissue that make up the roof of the mouth.
  • palate (Dentistry)
    hard and soft tissue forming the roof of the mouth.
  • Palcohol (Wellness)
    Freeze-dried alcohol in a powdered form. It can be sprinkled on food, combined with water to reconstitute any of a number of flavored alcohol drinks. It can be snorted or inhaled for an immediate and potentially dangerous high.
  • periodontal disease (Dentistry)
    diseases, including gingivitis and periodontal, that attack the gum tissue and the structures supporting the teeth.
  • Periodontics (Dentistry)
    Periodontic treatments keep healthy the tissues that support your teeth. Periodontal diseases attack just below the gum line, where they cause the attachment of the tooth and its supporting tissues to break down. The two major stages of periodontal disease are gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is a milder and reversible form that only affects the gums, but it may lead to more serious, destructive forms called periodontitis(Source: ADA).
  • Persistent depressive disorder (Wellness)
    depressed mood that lasts for at least 2 years. A person diagnosed with persistent depressive disorder may have episodes of major depresson along with periods of less symptoms, but symptoms must last for 2 years.
  • Physical Therapy (Physical Therapy)
    Following extensive assessment and diagnosis of a disease or disability, physical therapy seeks to rehabilitate the body through movement and touch. Exercise and massage are two main applications of therapeutic treatment. Patients of physical therapy include accident victims and sufferers of debilitating conditions such as strokes, lower back pain, head injuries, heart disease and cerebral palsy.
  • plantar fascia (Chiropractic)
    an inflammation of the plantar fascia, the leading cause of hell pain.
  • post (Dentistry)
    thin metal rod inserted into the root of a tooth after root canal therapy: provides retention for a capping that replaces lost tooth structure.
  • Postpartum depression (Wellness)
    is more serious that the "baby blues" that many women experience after giving birth, when hormonal and physical changes and the new responsibility of caring for a newborn can be overwhelming. It is estimated that 10 to 15 percent of women experience postpartum depression after giving birth.
  • Prenatal/Pregnancy Massage (Massage Therapy)
    erformed by a trained perinatal specialist, many methods of massage and somatic therapies are both effective and safe prenatally and during labor and postpartum periods of women’s pregnancies. Prenatally, specific techniques can reduce pregnancy discomforts and concerns and enhance the physiological and emotional well-being of both mother and fetus. Skilled, appropriate touch facilitates labor, shortening labor times and easing pain and anxiety. In the postpartum period, specialized techniques rebalance structure, physiology, and emotions of the new mother and may help her to bond with and care for her infant. Specialized, advanced training in the anatomy, physiology, complications, precautions, and contraindications is highly recommended, and many practitioners require referrals from physicians prior to therapy.
  • private pay (Medicine)
    is the industry reference for patients without insurance
  • prophlaxis (Dentistry)
    the cleaning of the teeth for the prevention of periodontal disease and tooth decay.
  • Psychotherapy (Wellness)
    Psychotherapy or personal counseling with a psychotherapist, is an intentional interpersonal relationship used to aid a client in problems of living. Psychotherapy may be performed by practitioners with different qualifications, including psychologists, marriage and family therapists, licensed clinical social workers, counselors, and psychiatric nurses.
  • Psychotic depression (Wellness)
    this occurs when a person has severe depression plus some form of psychosis, such as having distrubing false beliefs or a break with reality (delusions), or hearing or seeing upsetting thngs that others cannot hear or see (hallucinations).
  • Qigong (Massage Therapy)
    his traditional Chinese treatment combines hands-on and hands-off techniques that balance the flow of qi (energy) through the body, move and relieve qi blockages, and improve circulation. Qigong is also a combination of timed breathing and gentle flowing movement, meditation, visualization, and conscious intent all working together to achieve an integrated adjustment of mind and body in order to better cultivate, circulate, and balance qi, or life force. Qigong theory is the basis of traditional Chinese medicine and is used to treat many serious illnesses, as well as for relaxation.
  • range of motion (Physical Therapy)
    a measure of the amount of movement/motion available at any given joint of the body.
  • referral (Medicine)
    the recommendation of a medical professional to seek treatment from another medical provider. Some insurance companies require that on specific plans a referral must be obtained for certain procedures or visits to specialists. The referral consists of an authorization code, a number of visits allowed (if applicable) and an expiration date.
  • reflex (Physical Therapy)
    an involuntary/automatic response to a stimulus.
  • Reflexology (Massage Therapy)
    Based on an ancient Chinese therapy, reflexology involves manipulation of specific reflex areas in the foot, hands, and ears that correspond to other parts of the body. Sometimes referred to as zone therapy, this bodywork involves application of pressure to these reflex zones to stimulate body organs and relieve areas of congestion. Similar to acupressure principles, reflexology works with the body’s energy flow to stimulate self-healing and maintain balance in physical function. This technique is used to reduce pain, increase relaxation, and stimulate circulation of blood and lymphatic fluids. It is especially useful in stress-related illness and emotional disorders. Reflexology is also convenient in cases where an area of the body is traumatized or diseased to the extent that direct manipulation is not appropriate.
  • Reiki Healing (Acupuncture)
    In a reiki healing session, the practitioner, trained to access and serve as a channel for the life force (ki or chi), places her hands on or just above the client’s body in order to activate healing energy within receptive points on the body. The practitioner’s hands move progressively with a passive touch through twelve positions on the body, remaining in each position for three to five minutes. As a harmonic flow of energy is strengthened, within the client and practitioner, healing occurs through the return of physical, mental, and spiritual balance.
  • Restless Leg Syndrome (Massage Therapy)
    Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neurologic movement disorder of the limbs that is often associated with a sleep complaint. Patients with RLS may report sensations, such as an almost irresistible urge to move the legs, that are not painful but are distinctly bothersome. RLS can lead to significant physical and emotional disability.
  • restorations (Dentistry)
    any replacement for lost tooth structure or teeth: for example, bridges, dentures, fillings, crowns, and implants.
  • rheumatism (Medicine)
    pain and stiffness of soft tissue in and around joints.
  • root (Dentistry)
    the portion of the tooth below the gum line.
  • root canal (Dentistry)
    a channel in the root of the tooth that contains the pulp.
  • root canal therapy (Dentistry)
    procedure used to save an abscessed tooth in which the pulp chamber is cleaned out, disinfected, and filled with a permanent filling.
  • ruptured disk (Chiropractic)
    when part of a spinal disk bulges out of a tear or weak spot in the disk's tough outer shell.
  • Scalp Massage (Massage Therapy)
    A scalp massage increases blood circulation and promotes healthy hair growth. It also promotes relaxation and can help relieve headaches.
  • sciatica (Chiropractic)
    apin along the course of the sciatic nerve (which runs from the buttock, down the back and side of the leg, and into the foot and toes). often because of a herniated disk.
  • scroliitis (Chiropractic)
    inflammation of the sacroiliac joints, which connect the lower spine to the pelvis.
  • Sealants (Dentistry)
    Sealants are a white or tooth shaded material that is bonded to the chewing surfaces of the back teeth, sealing off deep groves and pits. This makes the grooves of the teeth smoother so your toothbrush can more easily keep the tooth clean.
  • Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) (Wellness)
    it is characterized by the onset of depression during the winter months, when there is less natural sunlight. The depression generally lifts during spring and summer. SAD may be effectively treated with light therapy, but nearly half of those with SAD do not get better with light therapy alone. Antidepressant medication and psychotherapy can reduce SAD symptoms, either alone or in combination with light therapy.
  • Sedation Dentistry (Dentistry)
    Sedation Dentistry is able to reach out and provide needed dental care to those who otherwise would not receive it. Sedation Dentistry is useful for adult patients who have high anxiety, a past traumatic dental experience, difficulty getting numb, strong gag reflux, have TMJ,and afraid of needles as examples.
  • Sensitivity (Dentistry)
    Teeth can be sensitive for many reasons: decay, abscess, cracked tooth, grinding, sweets, whitening and a toothache for examples.
  • Spice (Wellness)
    Synthetic cannabis is a drug created by spraying natural herbs with synthetic chemicals that, when consumed, produce psychoactive effects similar to the effects of cannabis.
  • Spinal Release (Massage Therapy)
    Spinal release allows therapists to correct distortions of the central nervous system and restore the body’s center of gravity. The therapist works with techniques that address the eight muscle groups of the lower back. Practitioners also focus on the soft-tissue release procedures for the neck and back as they help identify curvatures of the spine and other dysfunctions.
  • Sports Massage (Massage Therapy)
    ports massage is designed to enhance athletic performance and recovery. There are three contexts in which sports massage can be useful to an athlete: pre-event, post-event, and injury treatment. Pre-event massage is delivered at the performance site, usually with the athlete fully clothed. Fast-paced and stimulating, it helps to establish blood flow and to warm up muscles. During the massage, the athlete generally focuses on visualizing the upcoming event. Post-event massage is also delivered on site, through the clothes. The intent here is to calm the nervous system and begin the process of flushing toxins and waste products out of the body. Post-event massage can reduce recovery time, enabling an athlete to resume training much sooner than rest alone would allow. When an athlete sustains an injury, skillful massage therapy can often speed and improve the quality of healing.
  • sprain (Chiropractic)
    a stretched or torn ligament.
  • supine (Physical Therapy)
    lying on the back, face up.
  • Swedish Massage (Massage Therapy)
    Swedish massage is considered the most common form of massage and uses firm pressure to promote relaxation, relieve muscle aches, and improve circulation. The practitioner uses gliding strokes, tapping, kneading, and friction. Massage oil is often used.
  • tartar (Dentistry)
    common term for dental calculus, a hard deposit that adheres to teeth: produces rough surface that attracts plaque.
  • Thai Massage (Massage Therapy)
    Thai massage is an ancient bodywork system designed to unblock trapped energy and improve vitality by applying pressure along energy pathways called sens. These pathways carry vital life energy. Thai massage uses slow, often meditative, rhythmic pressing by fingers, thumbs, hands, forearms, elbows and feet (which are used extensively) and yoga like stretches coupled with gentle rocking motions
  • thoracic (Physical Therapy)
    pertaining to or affecting the chest or upper back.
  • Thyroid (Naturopathy)
    Thyroid is a gland that makes and stores hormones that help regulate the heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and the rate at which food is converted into energy. Thyroid hormones are essential for the function of every cell in the body. They help regulate growth and the rate of chemical reactions (metabolism) in the body. Thyroid hormones also help children grow and develop
  • TMJ (Dentistry)
    TMJ is the name commonly used to refer to pain or dysfunction of the jaw (the Temporomandibular joint). The same disorder is also abbreviated as TMD (Temporomandibular joint disorder). The terms are used to refer to a group of problems involving the TMJs and the muscles, tendons, ligaments, blood vessles, and other tissues associated with them. Some practitioners might include the neck, the back and even the whole body in describing problems with the TMJs.
  • tone (Physical Therapy)
    the degree of tension normally present in the resting state of a muscle.
  • Tooth Discoloration (Dentistry)
    Teeth can become discolored for different reasons: drinking coffee, tea, or colas, some antibiotics with children, use of tobacco products, tooth has been traumatized, after a root canal therapy for examples.
  • Traction (Chiropractic)
    In chiropractic traction-massage, a system of rollers moves up and down the spine, gently massaging and stretching muscles, while the patient lies face up with a pillow under the knees. Usually performed just before an adjustment, traction-massage is designed to relax the spine, thereby making the adjustment easier to perform and more comfortable and beneficial.
  • Traditional Chinese Acupuncture (Acupuncture)
    Traditional Chinese acupuncture is the form of acupuncture in which the plurality of practitioners are trained, and it remains the most widely practiced form. According to traditional Chinese medicine, the human body is filled with lines or channels through which the energy of the body flows. These channels function as points of entry into the body, called acupuncture points. Acupuncture is the practice of inserting fine sterile stainless steel needles into these points to remove blockages and imbalances in the body's energy flow. Removing these blockages allows energy and blood to circulate smoothly throughout the body, stimulating the body to heal itself.
  • Type A Flu Virus (Medicine)
    There are 2 types of Type A viruses that concern humans: The newer type is now know as H1N1 (Swine Flu). Those who are fit and heatlhy can become ill enough that they need hospitalization. Type A viruses undergo genetic changes over time to produce other serious and even fatal infections.
  • Type B Flu Virus (Medicine)
    There are different strains of type B viruses that have the potential to cause an epidemic. Historically, B viruses cause far fewer cases of seasonal flu that type A. Type B can still cause a serious infection in which there is a vaccine, which protest againist four type of flu: two of the B viruses and two A viruses.
  • Type C Flu Virus (Medicine)
    Type C viruses cause a respiratory infection so mild you may never notice any symptoms. Type C strains do not cause epidemics and are not included in flu vaccines. It is so mild tht the CDC does not even track it.
  • Vape (Medicine)
    To inhale and exhale the vapor produced by an electronic cigarette or similar device.
  • veneer (Dentistry)
    a thin, custom-made shell of tooth-colored plastic or porcelain that is bonded, directly to the front side of natural teeth to improve their appearance for example, to replace lost tooth structure, close spaces, straighten teeth, or change color and/or shape.
  • Vitamin D Deficiency (Medicine)
    Adequate levels are not only needed for calcium balance and strong bones but may also play an important role in cell growth, neuromuscular health, immune function and reducting inflammation. Vitamin D may help fight diabetes, heart disease and cancer. Vitamin is produced in the skin of humans and animals during prolonged sun exposure. The estimate is 15 to 30 minutes every day of sunshine. Symptoms may include general muscle weakness, muscle pain, depressive symptoms and Rickets in children.
  • Wellness (Wellness)
    Wellness is a choice: a decision you make to move toward optimal health. It is a way of life: a balanced lifestyle you design to achieve your highest potential for well-being. Wellness is a process: an understanding that there is no end point, but health and happiness are possible in each and every moment. It is the integration of body, mind, and soul: an awareness that the choices we make in one area affect all others.
  • Whitening (Dentistry)
    Teeth Whitening is actually a mild bleaching process that restores stained or discolored teeth to a healthy, natural color. Over the counter whitening solutions are less effective as advanced procedures available from your dentist.
  • wisdom teeth (Dentistry)
    third (last) molars that usually erupt at age 18-25.
  • X-rays (Dentistry)
    high frequency light or radiation that penetrates different substances with different rates and absorption. There are four types of X-rays: periapical, bite-wing, occlusal, and panoramic.

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Version 1.0.2 (Morpheus-517) -- 30.November.2009