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[ARTICLES] CATEGORY: Nutrition
Articles: 22 | Viewing Order: By Date
"Coming Out:' Gay Men and Eating Disorders
So it was difficult to grasp why my struggle to come forward, to come out, about an eating disorder fell on deaf ears. The promise of support that had been there a decade earlier, when I announced I was gay, seemed forgotten, cowered under the shame of a having a woman's illness. I knew eating disorders affected women disproportionately (a 1997 study suggests a 1:6 ratio), but I knew from the most cursory scan of the gay community that we were a body-obsessed bunch.
Recovery is Character Building
If one thinks of temperament as the genetic wiring of personality, then character consists of the circuit boards that route, suppress, or facilitate the messages carried by those wires. In other words, character is one of the mechanisms by which we manage temperament.
Amenorrhea: Not a Good Gauge of Prognosis
After treatment for their eating disorder was completed, a large portion of the women resumed menses, but very few recovered completely from their eating disorder.
Medical Issues and Eating Disorders
Eating disorders can last for as little as one year or less, to decades or more. They usually get progressively worse unless they are faced and treated.
Do Different Sweeteners Alter Satiety?
In a small study of 37 volunteers aged 20-29, Dr. Pablo Monsivais and colleagues evaluated the relative effects of commercial beverages containing sucrose or HFCS on hunger, satiety, and energy intakes at the next meal. They used a within-subject design for the study.
Six Tips for Grocery Shopping in Recovery
Eating healthy is an important habit, but it can be difficult to get a balanced meal when your biggest fear is food.
Restricitve Feeding Can Make Children Overeat
Often the very efforts parents make to help their children limit "junk foods" only increases the children's desire for these very foods. A recent study at Penn State has provided some new data about how restrictive feeding by mothers can produce a pattern of eating without hunger in their daughters
About Body Image
For someone with an eating disorder, whose body is the battleground where daily wars are fought, improving body image is essential. Your recovery is not complete by simply stopping the food-related behaviors; you must also make peace with your physical self. It’s a package deal. This is because body image and self-image are so closely tied. The approach you take with your body is a reflection of the approach you take with yourself.
A Healthy Eating Rituals for You an Your Family
Creating new rituals has the potential to establish food as enjoyable and sacred. Food and the act of eating becomes our way of taking time to appreciate all that we are and all that we have. We learn to give thanks, release stress, and mindfully nourish our bodies. Below are several ritual ideas that may be used together or integrated individually into daily meals.
Family Meals: One Deterrent to Disordered Eating?
Many factors can contribute to unhealthy weight-control practices and other disordered eating patterns among teenagers, according to Dr. Dianne Neumark-Sztainer and colleagues at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. These include societal pressures to be thin, parents' attitudes toward weight, family relationships, peer dieting practices, and perceptions of body image. However, the structure and atmosphere of meals at home are important as well, according to the researchers.
Anorexia Nervosa: Curious Past, Hopeful Future
AN is a prototype of disorders of motivated behavior, all of which serve as a final common pathway for a variety of developmental, familial, intrapsychic, and societal conflicts. At its core, AN arises from a conflict between the individual's neurobiological forces, which regulate weight stability, and social norms, which mandate thinness. The probabilistic nature of a single person developing AN from multiple risk facts may mean no single causative factor will ever be found.
Managing Weight Across the Spectrum of Eating Disorders
The increasing occurrence of disordered eating, as well as the personal and societal costs associated with having an eating disorder, has led to increased prevention efforts. These efforts have included delivering programs that use the Internet as their access point. Such an approach is hardly surprising given today's trends in computer use. Computers have become a staple in everyday life, and Internet technology has broadened the ways in which we communicate and learn. But, how effective are Internet-based eating disorders prevention programs?
Five Eating Disorders Groups Successfully Challenge a University
Recently, five major eating disorders organizations joined forces to speak out against a university whose practice was singling out obese students. Last December, the Academy for Eating Disorders, the Binge Eating Disorder Association, the Eating Disorders Coalition, the International Association of Eating Disorder Professionals and the National Eating Disorders Association joined forces to advocate for a focus on health and lifestyle rather than weight as a measurement of well-being.
Using the Internet to Deliver Therapy and Fighting Old Unhealthful Food Patterns
ndividual clinicians can have an impact on healthier lifestyles by taking a number of steps, Dr. Brownell told the audience. First, they can work with the press in their local communities to get information out about healthy eating. Next, they can write to their legislators urging changes in food regulations and content. Third, they can work to change school policies in their own communities, such as getting rid of soft drink machines in schools. Clinicians can also organize groups to protest unhealthy foods in schools.
Herbal Agents Used by Eating Disorder Patients
Herbal therapies may include ingredients that are very potent and pharmacologically active. Along these lines it should not be surprising that adverse reactions and drug interactions may follow. Uncertainty about these issues stems from the lack of data regarding effects of various herbs, concerns as to what the active ingredients may be, the lack of the practice and enforcement of good manufacturing standards and a lack of a mechanism for adverse reaction reporting.
Silence the Food Critic
The things we say to our friends and loved ones in an effort to "help them make good choices" can often be destructive. Have you ever eaten something you didn't enjoy because you didn't want to hurt the cook's feelings or be labeled as "picky"? Have you ever chosen not to order a certain food off the menu because someone else might not approve? If so, the food critic is doing the talking.
Speedy Eating, Less Frequent Eating and Highr Body Mass Index
The old slogan "You are what you eat" might be amended to "You are what you eat, how fast you eat, and when you eat," according to results of studies in New Zealand and the U.S.
Weight 'Cutting' Waning Among College Wrestlers
The NCAA and the American College of Sports Medicine both urge greater cooperation among coaches, exercise scientists, physicians, dietitians, and wrestlers to use research and education to determine the best medically sound system for selecting a weight class. Their hope is that harmful weight loss methods will one day be a thing of the past among collegiate wrestlers.
Who Else At the Game Is at Risk?
Based on the results from the EAT-26, the investigators estimated a 29.7% prevalence rate of disordered eating among the auxiliary unit members. The test results also revealed that 21% of the participants used purgatives, and 14% vomited to control their weight or shape. As for irregular menses, 15.8% of the young women reported having irregular periods and 12.5% were amenorrheic. The group at greatest risk for disordered eating was majorettes, followed by the color guard and the dance line. The color guard members reported the greatest frequency of binge eating (20%) and vomiting (14.3%), whereas majorettes reported the highest frequency of using laxatives or diet pills (26.3%).
Bone Loss in Anorexia Nervosa: Mechanisms and Treatment Options
Malnutrition itself may be a critical element in anorexia-related bone loss. In women with anorexia nervosa, bone density correlates directly with nutritional indices such as BMI, caloric intake, fat mass, and leptin levels.3, 12 Weight gain correlates with increased bone density in women with anorexia nervosa prior to resumption of normal menstrual function.6 Furthermore, short-term fasting, such as over 4 days, results in a marked decrease of 50% in bone formation markers in healthy normal volunteers.18
Regaining Weight in a Healthy Way
Regaining weight can be a very frustrating process for persons with anorexia nervosa. Often what looks like weight gain turns out to be fluid retention, or edema. (Edema is swelling of any part of the body due to collection of fluid in the spaces between the cells.) We talked with Dr. Wayne Callaway, a well-known endocrinologist and eating disorders expert in Washington, DC, to see what one can do about regaining weight safely and comfortably.
What is Anorexia?
Anorexia nervosa, in the most simple terms, is self-starvation. Anorexics (anorectic is also correct usage) are typically described as "walking skeletons", a graphic image that depicts the pallor and frailty of these struggling individuals. Anorexics are also often characterized as stubborn, vain, appearance-obsessed people who simply do not know when to stop dieting. But anorexia nervosa is much more than just a diet gone awry, and the sufferer more than an obstinate, skinny person refusing to eat. It is a complex problem with intricate roots that often begins as a creative and reasonable solution to difficult circumstances, and is thus a way to cope.
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